Thursday, June 18, 2020

Our World Demands a More Effective Global Leader [The Huffington Post]

Written by Cari Guittard, Professor of Global Leadership, for The Huffington Post.   Over the past several years, many American leaders in both the public and private sector have reinforced a stereotype that Americans harbor an uninformed global view. This is not to say that leaders across the globe are any better. Every region has its fair share of global leaders and global experts who do little to foster global understanding. The global community can and should do better. Doing so means aggressively rethinking and re-tooling how public, private, and social sector leaders prepare for global leadership roles. The world needs a new breed of global leader,  now. How do you define global leadership? In July 2013, I taught a class on womens leadership at the  Hult International Business School in Dubai, UAE. I ended class with this question which not surprisingly received strong and deeply varied responses in a room of over 40 nationalities from around the globe. That evening after class, several students approached me with their thoughts and passionate viewpoints on the subject. I continued to receive comments over the remainder of the course and some even emailed me after the class with additional thoughts. I always enjoy throwing questions like this out to a Hult graduate class, which naturally attracts students who are globally minded. Though their definitions varied, my students agreed on one thing: The current models of global leadership, as evidence by what they were reading and absorbing from global news outlets, was in dire need of a complete overhaul. When I pressed for specifics on where global leadership could improve, four key categories emerged: Where Many Global Leaders Fall Short Weak Global Skillsets:  Lack effective communication skills, mismanage crisis and risk, and fail to effectively collaborate across sectors Too Little On-the-Ground Experience:  Deficiency in global knowledge and geopolitical context, compromising effective cross-cultural collaboration Misunderstand Global Citizenship Stewardship:  Fail to see corporations and individuals as global citizens and do not understand the responsibility such a perspective imparts Obstinate Leadership:  Lead with ego, fear, and intimidation Continue reading the article in full here. Photo: C.N. Tanner.   Grow your leadership capabilities with an MBA in international business at Hult. To learn more, take a look at our blog Leadership training: Are you learning fast enough? or give your career a boost with our Masters in International Business. Download a brochure or get in touch today to find out how Hult can help you to learn about the business world, the future, and yourself. Related posts Academics Beyond (narrow) business concepts: â€Å"Soft† skills turn out to be critical skills News Building success: Dual Degree students win at USASBE Community How going beyond business at Hult helped me launch my company Admissions Accepted Students Weekend: A weekend to remember Careers Career mapping: How to become an executive in the next 5 years 0 Thought leadership How to prepare for an uncertain future in a world of AI Instagram Hult Rotation offers you a chance to study in a truly global way. Our rotation program allows you to study and be immersed in some of the finest cities in the world. 📠¸: @jasminmanzano . Hult Rotation offers you a chance to study in a truly global way. Our rotation program allows you to study and be immersed in some of the finest cities in the world. 📠¸: @jasminmanzano . Each year, Hult seeks to enroll a talented and ambitious incoming class from all over the world. We look for diverse students with a wide range of experiences, perspectives, and interests—students who will thrive in our unique educational atmosphere. Are you ready for a truly global experience? 📠¸: @iambrunadiniz . Each year, Hult seeks to enroll a talented and ambitious incoming class from all over the world. We look for diverse students with a wide range of experiences, perspectives, and interests—students who will thrive in our unique educational atmosphere. Are you ready for a truly global experience? 📠¸: @iambrunadiniz . We’re excited to start 2020 on a ranking high! Hult is proud to have been placed #28 in Poets Quants 2020 rankings for Best Undergraduate Business Schools in the US. Taking a huge leap of 32 places from our 2019 position, we’re also very happy to have secured top positions in key categories like: life-changing experience, practicality of the degree, and global immersion. . With five global campuses, a student body of over 130 nationalities, and a learn-by-doing approach—Hult offers a student experience like no other. . We’re excited to start 2020 on a ranking high! Hult is proud to have been placed #28 in Poets Quants 2020 rankings for Best Undergraduate Business Schools in the US. Taking a huge leap of 32 places from our 2019 position, we’re also very happy to have secured top positions in key categories like: life-changing experience, practicality of the degree, and global immersion. . With five global campuses, a student body of over 130 nationalities, and a learn-by-doing approach—Hult offers a student experience like no other. . â€Å"I’m from an engineering background and needed a whole new skill set for the industry I wanted to switch to. I learned a lot about myself and how I deal with being out of my comfort zone. I learned both soft and hard skills, from how to work in very diverse teams to key accounting metrics and strategy. I was surprised by how weak I was at certain tasks in English or how strong I actually was in other areas. Hult gave me opportunities to try new things and meet people from places I never thought I would have friends. . My internship experiences gave me the chance to broaden my view of different cultures and different companies. I had the opportunity to work and live with people whose values differed from people in my home country. I thought that this would be difficult, but it gave me the chance to reflect on my own values and assess if they were a result of my home country environment or if they were intrinsically mine. . Diederick ter Kulve (@diederick.terkulve) Netherlands Masters in International Business . â€Å"I’m from an engineering background and needed a whole new skill set for the industry I wanted to switch to. I learned a lot about myself and how I deal with being out of my comfort zone. I learned both soft and hard skills, from how to work in very diverse teams to key accounting metrics and strategy. I was surprised by how weak I was at certain tasks in English or how strong I actually was in other areas. Hult gave me opportunities to try new things and meet people from places I never thought I would have friends. . My internship experiences gave me the chance to broaden my view of different cultures and different companies. I had the opportunity to work and live with people whose values differed from people in my home country. I thought that this would be difficult, but it gave me the chance to reflect on my own values and assess if they were a result of my home country environment or if they were intrinsically mine. . Diederick ter Kulve (@diederick.terkulve) Netherlands Masters in International Business . Say a big hello to our Bachelor of Business Administration program cover star, Elisa Orus Plana âÅ" ¨ . â€Å"I’m excited for the future—especially that I cant predict whats going to happen. Maybe Ill end up in Mexico working for a trading company or maybe in Africa, developing my own business. Everything is possible, and the options are constantly changing. I love the idea that Im never going to be stuck doing the same job until the end of my life if I dont want it to be like this. . Hult really supports me and my ambitions and truly believes that we deserve to be considered as professionals as well as students. Here, I get to express not just my opinions but all elements of myself. From my creative side with the Fashion Society to my finance and business sides in Trading Club and the Management Consulting Club. We get a different type of learning here. Not just essential knowledge and theory, but practical skills and mindset. The school is always evolving. We’re encouraged to innovate and to always look for new ways of doing traditional things. We learn how to be more confident and become aware of how we can impact our environment. The school aims to help you become a better version of yourself and to stand out from the crowd.â€Å" . Elisa Orus Plana French Bachelor of Business Administration Class of 2021 Say a big hello to our Bachelor of Business Administration program cover star, Elisa Orus Plana âÅ" ¨ . â€Å"I’m excited for the future—especially that I cant predict whats going to happen. Maybe Ill end up in Mexico working for a trading company or maybe in Africa, developing my own business. Everything is possible, and the options are constantly changing. I love the idea that Im never going to be stuck doing the same job until the end of my life if I dont want it to be like this. . Hult really supports me and my ambitions and truly believes that we deserve to be considered as professionals as well as students. Here, I get to express not just my opinions but all elements of myself. From my creative side with the Fashion Society to my finance and business sides in Trading Club and the Management Consulting Club. We get a different type of learning here. Not just essential knowledge and theory, but practical skills and mindset. The school is always evolving. We’re encouraged to innovate and to always look for new ways of doing traditional things. We learn how to be more confident and become aware of how we can impact our environment. The school aims to help you become a better version of yourself and to stand out from the crowd.â€Å" . Elisa Orus Plana French Bachelor of Business Administration Class of 2021"> During the final days of 2019, you probably reflected on what you’ve accomplished this year—and even this decade—and what you’d like to achieve in 2020. Let us know in the comments below. During the final days of 2019, you probably reflected on what you’ve accomplished this year—and even this decade—and what you’d like to achieve in 2020. Let us know in the comments below. â€Å"The first time we did group work on the program, I went head-to-head with a colleague. It taught me a lot about how I see people, how people see me, and how conflict can be resolved in a kind and productive way. The best feedback you get, when delivered constructively, is the most critical because it really feeds into how you lead. I’ve completely reversed my leadership style—the result is so much richer and more powerful when you lead from behind and lead with strength. . Studying in tandem with working, whilst challenging, gave me the perfect platform to directly apply learning concepts into my business environment, the competitive landscape, and the real-estate industry as a whole. When I started the program, I was very happy in my corporate role. But my courage and aspirations grew to the point that I took on a whole new direction. Having my career coach, Joanna, as a sounding board allowed me to really be strategic and get to know myself. She coached me thro ugh all the interviews, the research, and the questions. It went in parallel with what I was doing academically and after six months everything just clicked. . I went into the EMBA knowing I had nothing to lose and I’ve come out with everything. Great strength, global friends, amazing learning, mentors from professors, a job I love, and the knowledge that I can set my mind to achieve anything and with the right support and resources I’ll get there.† . Kashani Wijetunga British, New Zealand Sri Lankan Associate Director Senior Strategy Consultant CBRE EMBA Class of 2019 . â€Å"The first time we did group work on the program, I went head-to-head with a colleague. It taught me a lot about how I see people, how people see me, and how conflict can be resolved in a kind and productive way. The best feedback you get, when delivered constructively, is the most critical because it really feeds into how you lead. I’ve completely reversed my leadership style—the result is so much richer and more powerful when you lead from behind and lead with strength. . Studying in tandem with working, whilst challenging, gave me the perfect platform to directly apply learning concepts into my business environment, the competitive landscape, and the real-estate industry as a whole. When I started the program, I was very happy in my corporate role. But my courage and aspirations grew to the point that I took on a whole new direction. Having my career coach, Joanna, as a sounding board allowed me to really be strategic and get to know myself. She coached me thro ugh all the interviews, the research, and the questions. It went in parallel with what I was doing academically and after six months everything just clicked. . I went into the EMBA knowing I had nothing to lose and I’ve come out with everything. Great strength, global friends, amazing learning, mentors from professors, a job I love, and the knowledge that I can set my mind to achieve anything and with the right support and resources I’ll get there.† . Kashani Wijetunga British, New Zealand Sri Lankan Associate Director Senior Strategy Consultant CBRE EMBA Class of 2019 . â€Å"It was now or never. I knew that I’d have likely stayed in my neighborhood for years to come if I didn’t take this opportunity. I’d not lived or studied outside of the U.S. before. So I left my job as a global strategist at an advertising agency and moved halfway around the world. I’ve come back a more culturally aware, well-versed person. I’ve realized that everything is a learning experience and an opportunity for growth. Ill definitely carry this mindset with me into the future. Technology and social media allow us to be different people in several places at once. Im excited to see how I can establish myself in whatever city Ill be lucky enough to call home and still maintain deep connections with people all over the world. I’m inspired by my classmates every day. Hearing some of their life stories and how getting this degree fits into their greater mission has been very humbling. My biggest challenge has been finding the ‘right’ path for me. There have been rooms Ive felt like I shouldnt be in, but now Im proud to feel as though I truly belong, wherever I am.† . Dwayne Logan, Jnr. American MBA Class of 2019 . â€Å"It was now or never. I knew that I’d have likely stayed in my neighborhood for years to come if I didn’t take this opportunity. I’d not lived or studied outside of the U.S. before. So I left my job as a global strategist at an advertising agency and moved halfway around the world. I’ve come back a more culturally aware, well-versed person. I’ve realized that everything is a learning experience and an opportunity for growth. Ill definitely carry this mindset with me into the future. Technology and social media allow us to be different people in several places at once. Im excited to see how I can establish myself in whatever city Ill be lucky enough to call home and still maintain deep connections with people all over the world. I’m inspired by my classmates every day. Hearing some of their life stories and how getting this degree fits into their greater mission has been very humbling. My biggest challenge has been finding the ‘right’ path for me. There have been rooms Ive felt like I shouldnt be in, but now Im proud to feel as though I truly belong, wherever I am.† . Dwayne Logan, Jnr. American MBA Class of 2019 . Happy New Year, Hultians! . Happy New Year, Hultians! .

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Different Impressions of People About the 1960s Essay

The Different Impressions of People About the 1960s During the 1950s to the 1960s there was many changes in society. Many dramatic events of the twentieth century happened in the sixties, such Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space, Cuban missile Crisis, and John F Kennedy’s assassination. The Vietnam War and the first men on the moon,but the sixties was blamed for many things going wrong in society For teenagers the sixties was a great time for them, they could finally have their own lives and their own freedom of expression in their clothes and music and tastes. Music had become more available and convenient because of the new technology; the new seven-inch singles were created light,†¦show more content†¦In the sixties there were several legal changes, which gave women a stronger position in marriage. The Married women’s property act in 1964 made sure that all women would get half the money they saved from housekeeping, in 1967, the matrimonial acts gave husband and wife exactly the same right of occupation in a family home. Best most of all in 1970, when family assets were divided up the women’s upkeep of household and welfare of family was taken into acount.women were now treated with more equality, and this had been a great change for women who lived in the 1950s. Before, in the 1950s women did not have many job opportunities most of them worked in boutiques or as receptionists all of this was because of the traditional views that women stay at home and sacrifice their career for the home and children, this is because they did not have equal education. So in the sixties law was formed to make sure girls and boys had same education. Liberals liked the sixties because there were many changes. Homosexuality was legalised in 1967 but relationships had to be in private and The Death penalty was abolished. Most parents would have disliked the sixties because they would disapprove their children’s Behaviour. Because of the changes in popular culture teenagers would constantly going out, listen to musicShow MoreRelatedClaude Manet – Impressionism – 19Th . Oscar-Claude Monet1449 Words   |  6 Pagesmost consistent and productive expert of the movement s philosophy of communicating one s observations before nature particularly applied to plein-air landscape painting. The expression Impressionism is from the title of his piece Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was shown in 1874 in the first of the independent presentations mounted by Monet and his partners as an alternate choice to the Salon de Paris. Monet s aspiration of painting the French countryside drove him to embraceRead MoreAn Reflection On The Impression Formation1723 Words   |  7 PagesINTRODUCTION: Impression is a long lasting image of a person created in our minds which can last long for years. There are a lot of research done by Solomon Asch (1946), Bruner Taiguri (1954), Rosenberg, Nelson Vivekanathan (1968) to understand Impression Formation. According to Solomon Asch (1946) at a glance of any person an impression of his personality can instantly form. Even by looking or talking with that person a whole story about his entire character can be told. These impressions can be formedRead MoreA Research Study Of Sociology1708 Words   |  7 Pagesmany years. In doing this they were examining individuals of different social classes along with statuses and observing their role in humankind this they labeled as the study of sociology. This evolved into a form of study beginning in the 19th century as scientists began to observe and study differences in social classes among people. The way people communicate together, the way they act, and the way they work together as groups of people is the sole base for this type of science. By looking at theseRead MoreThe Movement, Drugs, And Rock Music1212 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"Make Love, Not War!† This is the exclamation that most people associate with the 1960s, and as Americans, most of us believe that this decade was dominated by the hippie movement, drugs, and rock music. But this decade goes much farther than that. This was the decade of the peak of the protest movement, the opposition to the Vietnam War, and several other issues associated with the â€Å"political left,† as some may call it. The Sixties was a time in which a major shift in political views and life inRead MoreThe History of Television Essay1441 Words   |  6 PagesMany Americans today go home and flip on the television, but many do not take the time to think about the complexity of this great invention that is common to us. Nearly sixty years ago television barely existed and was not thought to be used as a broad communicat or like it is used in today’s generation. Through its starting, stopping, then restarting in the 1940’s, television took off and expanded greatly in just a few short decades and had great technological breakthroughs to allow it a widespreadRead MoreJohn F. Kennedy s Assassination1193 Words   |  5 Pagesequity for all; he believed wholeheartedly in this vision. He trusted that this policy was to raise the under privileged and the discriminated against to new levels of equity. The day before Thanksgiving in 1963, he expressed his unsettling feelings about America’s racial injustice and declared an unconditional war on poverty. (Schaller 1061) Johnson put forth every effort to enact the Civil Rights law Kennedy had introduced the summer prior to his death; he urged Congress to pass the law. In July ofRead MoreThe Symbolism Of A High End Luxury Brand1553 Words   |  7 PagesThe typical impression someone leaves are often the first impression. Judgement based on appearance is not a new concept. Scientifically proven, it takes a set amount of three seconds to determine the type of impression the subject leaves. In those three seconds, appearance can be based on physical looks and/or materialistic items. The symbolism of a high end luxury brand can imply the social standing of a certain individual as well as their physical appearance. It is an invitation for society toRead MoreA Interview About Chinese During The World War II866 Words   |  4 Pagesone of a few entertainment in that small town. Moreover, we have talked about movies that from U.S. According to my grandfather, it is hard to have the chance and get in touch with the foreign film before liberation. After the liberation, he cannot remember which year but he said he dose watch a film that acted by Charles Chaplin and of course that is a black and white movie. In fact, he likes it because the film is so different than the other Chinese film he has been watching and for him that is somethingRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Amiri Baraka s Amiri For The First Time 1052 Words   |  5 PagesReading through The Dutchman for the first time, I had the impression that it was just another story of a black man being oppressed by another white person in the mid 20th century. However, upon closer inspection, I have found that this play dives much deeper into a variety of different aspects. For example, if we are reading this play with the knowledge that this is written in a postmodern era, this gives us the freedom to explor e which social constructs are being torn down within the play itselfRead MoreChinas Fast Entry into the Fashion World after the 20th Century1825 Words   |  7 Pagesdecreased. Dr Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan) was a Provisional President of the Republic of China. He is a the father of modern china. He was also qualified with the development of a method of national dress which personified modern values and the impression of equality. Dr. Sun Yat-sen suit was developed over more than 50 years ago . It was a compound combination of : Japanese Meiji period (1868-1912) student uniform, soldierly dress and the Western suit. The below figure is illustrating that. Figure

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Happiness in Aristotle’s work The Nicomachean...

Aristotle’s work, The Nicomachean Ethics, consists of numerous books pertaining to Aristotle’s Ethics—the ethics of the good life. The first book discloses Aristotle’s belief on moral philosophy and the correlation between virtue and happiness. The definition of happiness has long been disputed. According to Aristotle, happiness is the highest good and the ultimate end goal—for it is self-reliant. This idea contradicted other common beliefs and philosophical theories. Aristotle opens his work by describing the various theories, neutrally examines each idea, and discloses how he thinks the theory is wrong and why his idea of happiness is more accurate. The most accepted theory until Aristotle was that of Plato—that good was a universal†¦show more content†¦Since man is the only creature to have free will and a conscience, these must be central to a good life for a human. The definition of happiness has long been disputed, and in order to establish a general definition one must discover mankind’s function (1095a.20). The distinct function of human beings will differentiate man from all other beings, thus it cannot be related to the characteristics of animals or plants. Aristotle explains that all living beings grow, and that man and animals share instinct. Through elimination, Aristotle establishes the distinct function of man as logic. Only human beings contain three souls and have the ability to use reason. Aristotle states, â€Å"the function of man then is activity of soul [thinking well and doing well] in accordance with reason† (). Ultimately, logic allows human beings to use reason in decision-m aking and to be virtuous. Aristotle explains what a competent judge of ethics is. â€Å"Each man judges correctly those matters with which he is acquainted; it is of these that he is a competent critic† (1094b.20). Ultimately, he believes that younger people lack the experience needed to use their reason. Instead, younger people will follow their instinct and feelings. According to this believe, Aristotle is showing that true happiness (achieved through virtues) is a lifetime effort. According to Aristotle, every action performed is done to attain an end goal (or good). The goals for eachShow MoreRelatedEssay on How Do Virtue and Chance Contribute to Happiness?1283 Words   |  6 Pagescontribute to happiness? Happiness has been subject to debate for centuries. What is happiness? What does happiness consist of? What contributes to happiness? Among many others, Aristotle, Epicurus, and the school of Cyrenaics, prominent ancient Greek philosophers, have greatly contributed that virtue, which is excellence of a certain part, and chance, which consists of any event outside of human control and prediction, may play a role in happiness. 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During his period of writing, not many things had been discovered and the only other known philosophers were the Plato and Socrates. My view on the book can be derived from the title itself â€Å"Nichomachean† which mea ns victory for example in battle and from the term â€Å"ethics† which means virtue or a code of conduct. From the twoRead MoreThe Doctrine Of The Me Underpin Aristotle s Account Of Citizen Virtue?899 Words   |  4 PagesTo what extent, and how, does ‘the doctrine of the mean’ underpin Aristotle’s account of citizen virtue? In order to answer the question ‘To what extent, and how, does ‘the doctrine of the mean’ underpin Aristotle’s account of citizen virtue?’ it is first important for me to define ‘the doctrine of the mean’ which was developed in Book II of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (II.2.1104a12-26) in the form of a medical analogy. ‘the doctrine of the mean’ is very often dismissed as being unhelpful andRead More Aristotles Concept of Happiness Essay1073 Words   |  5 PagesIn the work, Nicomachean Ethics, the philosopher Aristotle creates a guideline for those who are serious about pursuing happiness. Aristotles recommendations for finding happiness are not accepted today without some struggle and careful examination. In Aristotles time, slaves, women and children were not truly considered human; so in many cases the philosopher is directing his words towards free males only. It is necessary to understand that by overlooking th is discrimination and applying it toRead MoreAristotle Of Aristotle : Nicomachean Ethics1487 Words   |  6 PagesAristotle: Nicomachean Ethics Happiness: it’s something we humans search far and wide for, to attain before we are called home at death. We go through our daily lives, making choices, commitments, changes, decisions. We set goals for ourselves, push ourselves, hurt ourselves, inspire ourselves, lose ourselves, find ourselves†¦but why? Whether it is a conscious effort or not, no matter who you are or where you find yourself at this very moment, there is one ultimately satisfying hope that brings usRead MoreHappiness Is an Activity Essay1287 Words   |  6 PagesIn this paper I will discuss Aristotle’s claim that happiness is a kind of activity and not a momentary pleasure. Some people might worry that Aristotle is wrong in making this claim by presuming that happiness is a state of mind rather than a constant pursuit in which a person must actively strive for throughout the entirety of ones life. I will argue that Aristotle is correct when he declares that happiness is a kind of activity that we strive for and ultimately attain throughout the entirety ofRead Moreâ€Å"Are You Happy Now?† Essay1541 Words   |  7 Pages Happiness is a term that typically has different definitions. Some define happiness, as the things one possess; others may define it as doing a good deed and the feeling one has after doing a good deed. Merriam-Webster defines happiness as, â€Å"a state of well-being and contentment† . Even Aristotle acknowledges that everyone disagrees on the definition of happiness because we all have a different thought-process and prior knowledge. Even though there are many definitions to happiness, both AristotleRead MoreEssay on Aristotles Notion on Eudaimonia and Virtue 1550 Words   |  7 PagesIn Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics he accounts that humans should make sacrifices and should ultimately aim first and foremost for their own happiness . In the paper I will argue that it is really in a person’s best interest to be virtuous . I w ill do this by first describing Aristotle’s notion on both eudaimonia and virtue , as well as highlighting the intimate relationship between the two . Secondly I will talk about the human role in society. Thirdly I will describe the intrinsic tie between humanRead MoreAristotle : The Good Life1708 Words   |  7 Pageswith Plato and Socrates are three of the first and arguably the most important philosophers when it comes to modern day philosophy and ethics. Aristotle’s work extended beyond ethics and philosophy into scientific thought where he was a very important figure in that field as well. 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Cultural Comparisons Ethnocentrism Essay Example For Students

Cultural Comparisons Ethnocentrism Essay CultureCultural comparisonsEthnocentrismEthnocentrism is the name given to a tendency to interpret or evaluate other cultures in terms of ones own. This tendency has been, perhaps, more prevalent in modern nations than among preliterate tribes. The citizens of a large nation, especially in the past, have been less likely to observe people in another nation or culture than have been members of small tribes who are well acquainted with the ways of their culturally diverse neighbours. Thus, the American tourist could report that Londoners drive on the wrong side of the street or an Englishman might find some customs on the Continent queer or boorish, merely because they are different. Members of a Pueblo tribe in the American Southwest, on the other hand, might be well acquainted with cultural differences not only among other Pueblos but also in non-Pueblo tribes such as the Navajo and Apache. Ethnocentrism became prominent among many Europeans after the discovery of the Americas, the i slands of the Pacific, and the Far East. Even anthropologists might characterize all preliterate peoples as being without religion (as did Sir John Lubbock) or as having a prelogical mentality (as did Lucien L?vy-Bruhl) merely because their ways of thinking did not correspond with those of the culture of western Europe. Thus, inhabitants of non-Western cultures, particularly those lacking the art of writing, were widely described as being immoral, illogical, queer, or just perverse (Ye Beastly Devices of ye Heathen). Cultural RelativismIncreased knowledge led to or facilitated a deeper understanding and, with it, a finer appreciation of cultures quite different from ones own. When it was understood that universal needs could be served with culturally diverse means, that worship might assume a variety of forms, that morality consists in conforming to ethical rules of conduct but does not inhere in the rules themselves, a new view emerged that each culture should be understood and appreciated in terms of itself. What is moral in one culture might be immoral or ethically neutral in another. For example, it was not immoral to kill a baby girl at birth or an aged grandparent who was nonproductive when it was impossible to obtain enough food for all; or wife lending among the Eskimo might be practiced as a gesture of hospitality, a way of cementing a friendship and promoting mutual aid in a harsh and dangerous environment, and thus may acquire the status of a high moral value. The view that elements of a culture are to be understood and judged in terms of their relationship to the culture as a wholea doctrine known as cultural relativismled to the conclusion that the cultures themselves could not be evaluated or graded as higher and lower, superior or inferior. If it was unwarranted to say that patriliny (descent through the male line) was superior or inferior to matriliny (descent through the female line), if it was unjustified or meaningless to say that monogamy was better or worse than polygamy, then it was equally unsound or meaningless to say that one culture was higher or superior to another. A large number of anthropologists subscribed to this view; they argued that such judgments were subjective and therefore unscientific. It is, of course, true that some values are imponderable and some criteria are subjective. Are people in modern Western culture happier than the Aborigines of Australia? Is it better to be a child than an adult, alive than dead? These certainly are not questions for science. But to say that the culture of the ancient Mayas was not superior to or more highly developed than the crude and simple culture of the Tasmanians or to say that the culture of England in 1966 was not higher than Englands culture in 1066 is to fly in the face of science as well as of common sense. Evaluative gradingCultures have ponderable values as well as imponderable, and the imponderable ones can be measured with objective, meaningful yardsticks. A culture is a means to an end: the security and continuity of life. Some kinds of culture are better means of making life secure than others. Agriculture is a better means of providing food than hunting and gathering. The productivity of human labour has been increased by machinery and by the utilization of the energy of nonhuman animals, water and wind power, and fossil fuels. Some cultures have more effective means of coping with disease than others, and this superiority is expressed mathematically in death rate s. And there are many other ways in which meaningful differences can be measured and evaluations made. Thus, the proposition that cultures have ponderable values that can be measured meaningfully by objective yardsticks and arranged in a series of stages, higher and lower, is substantiated. But, it should be noted, this is not equivalent to saying that man is happier or that the dignity of the individual (an imponderable) is greater in an industrialized or agricultural sociocultural system than in one supported by human labour alone and sustained wholly by wild foods. Actually, however, there is no necessary conflict between the doctrine of cultural relativism and the thesis that cultures can be objectively graded in a scientific manner. It is one thing to reject the statement that monogamy is better than polygamy and quite another to deny that one kind of sociocultural system contains a better means of providing food or combating disease than another. Cultural adaptation and Change Ecological or Environmental ChangeEvery sociocultural system exists in a natural habitat, and, of course, this environment exerts an influence upon the cultural system. The cultures of some Eskimo groups present remarkable instances of adaptation to environmental conditions: tailored fur clothing, snow goggles, boats and harpoons for hunting sea mammals, and, in some instances, hemispherical snow houses, or igloos. Some sedentary, horticultural tribes of the upper Missouri River went out into the Great Plains and became nomadic hunters after the introduction of the horse. The culture of the Navajos underwent profound change after they acquired herds of sheep and a market for their rugs was developed. The older theories of simple environmentalism, some of which maintained that even styles of myths and tales were determined by topography, climate, flora, and other factors, are no longer in vogue. The present view is that the environment permits, at times encourages, and also prohibits the acquisition or use of certain cultural traits but otherwise does not determine culture change. The Fuegians living at the southern tip of South America, as viewed by Charles Darwin on his voyage on the Beagle, lived in a very cold, harsh environment but were virtually without both clothing and dwellings. DiffusionCulture is contagious, as a prominent anthropologist once remarked, meaning that customs, beliefs, tools, techniques, folktales, ornaments, and so on may diffuse from one people or region to another. To be sure, a culture trait must offer some advantage, some utility or pleasure, to be sought and accepted by a people. (Some anthropologists have assumed that basic features of social structure, such as clan organization, may diffuse, but a sounder view holds that these features involving the organic structure of the society must be developed within societies themselves.) The degree of isolation of a sociocultural systembrought about by physical barriers such as deserts, mountain ranges, and bodies of waterhas, of course, an important bearing upon the ease or difficulty of diffusion. Within the limits of desirability on the one hand and the possibility of communication on the other, diffusion of culture has taken place everywhere and in all times. Archaeological evidence shows that amber from the Baltic region diffused to the Mediterranean coast; and, conversely, early coins from the Middle East found their way to northern Europe. In aboriginal North America, copper objects from northern Michigan have been found in mounds in Georgia; macaw feathers from Central America turn up in archaeological sites in northern Arizona. Some Indian tribes in northwestern regions of the United States had possessed horses, originally brought into the Southwest by Spanish explorers, years before they had ever even seen white men. The wide dispersion of tobacco, corn (maize), coffee, the sweet potato, and many other traits are conspicuous examples of cultural diffusion . AcculturationDiffusion may take place between tribes or nations that are approximately equal in political and military power and of equivalent stages of cultural development, such as the spread of the sun dance among the Plains tribes of North America. But in other instances, it takes place between sociocultural systems differing widely in this respect. Conspicuous examples of this have been instances of conquest and colonization of various regions by the nations of modern Europe. In these cases it is often said that the culture of the more highly developed nation is imposed upon the less developed peoples and cultures, and there is, of course, much truth in this; the acquisition of foreign culture by the subject people is called acculturation and is manifested by the indigenous populations of Latin America as well as of other regions. But even in cases of conquest, traits from the conquered peoples may diffuse to those of the more advanced cultures; examples might include, in add ition to the cultivated plants cited above, individual words (coyote), musical themes, games, and art motifs. One of the major problems ofethnology during the latter half of the 19th and the early decades of the 20th centuries was the question How are cultural similarities in noncontiguous regions to be explained? Did the concepts of pyramid building, mummification, and sun worship originate independently in ancient Egypt and in the Andean highlands and in Yucat?n or did these traits originate in Egypt and diffuse from there to the Americas, as some anthropologists have believed? Some schools of ethnological theory have held to one view, some, to another. The 19th-century classical evolutionists (which included Edward Burnett Tylor and Lewis H. Morgan, among others) held that the mind of man is so constituted or endowed that he will develop cultures everywhere along the same lines. Diffusioniststhose, such as Fritz Graebner and Elliot Smith, who offered grand theories about the diff usion of traits all over the worldmaintained that man was inherently uninventive and that culture, once created, tended to spread everywhere. Each school tended to insist that its view was the correct one, and it would continue to hold that view unless definite proof of the contrary could be adduced. Computer Crime (815 words) EssayThe tendency nowadays is not to side categorically with one school as against another but to decide each case on its own merits. The consensus with regard to pyramids is that they were developed independently in Egypt and the Americas because they differ markedly in structure and function: the Egyptian pyramids were built of stone blocks and contained tombs within their interiors. The American pyramids were constructed of earth, then faced with stone, and they served as the bases of temples. The verdict with regard to the bow and arrow is that it was invented only once and subsequently diffused to all regions where it has been found. The probable antiquity of the origin of fire making, however, and the various ways of generating itby percussion, friction, compression (fire pistons)indicate multiple origins. EvolutionEvolution of culturethat is, the development of forms through timehas taken place. No amount of diffusion of picture writing could of it self, for instance, produce the alphabetic system of writing; as Tylor demonstrated so well, the art of writing has developed through a series of stages, which began with picture writing, progressed to hieroglyphic writing, and culminated in alphabetic writing. In the realm of social organization there was a development from territorial groups composed of families to segmented societies (clans and larger groupings). Sociocultural evolution, like biologic evolution, exhibits a progressive differentiation of structure and specialization of function. A misunderstanding has arisen with regard to the relationship between evolution and diffusion. It has been argued, for example, that the theory of cultural evolution was unsound because some peoples skipped a stage in a supposedly determined sequence; for example, some African tribes, as a consequence of diffusion, went from the Stone Age to the Iron Age without an intermediate age of copper and bronze. But the classical evolutionists did not maintain that peoples, or societies, had to pass through a fixed series of stages in the course of development, but that tools, techniques, institutionsin short, culturehad to pass through the stages. The sequence of stages of writing did not mean that a society could not acquire the alphabet without working its way through hieroglyphic writing; it was obvious that many peoples did skip directly to the alphabet. Sociology Issues

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Research Paper Writing Companies

Research Paper Writing CompaniesMany times, students can have a difficult time in developing their own research paper. They should not feel as though they are alone. A great number of individuals work in the same research organization as them and will often be able to provide much needed help.Writing companies come in all sizes and can provide clients with a wide range of services. Not all writing companies offer the same services. Some specialize in research paper writing, while others focus on specific topics within the discipline of writing. It is important that students know which companies are best suited for their needs.Many writing companies will have individual writers who specialize in writing around the specific needs of a company. This can help students be aware of what type of writing service they should look for. A writing company that focuses primarily on researching a specific topic can be a good alternative to one that does research across the board.Writing companies can provide additional research services through additional tasks for students. Some writing companies will allow students to complete various projects throughout the project process. These can be very helpful in providing a small amount of extra benefit to students.Some writing companies will allow students to take an online writing test that will compare students to other employees. Students should research the writing test provider and learn more about the test and what information is gathered. Students should also be aware of what is being gathered in the test.Other writing companies will allow students to help develop a particular project. Most of these companies will allow students to edit and revise a project before it is turned in. Some writing companies will allow students to become an actual member of the writing team and assist in the daily operations of the project.Many writing companies will allow students to learn additional skills that can be useful in future projects . Students should do some research to determine if the writing company offers any classes in particular areas of the writing industry. The ability to write projects for specific projects can also provide a valuable experience.It is important that students research writing companies before becoming a member of the writing team. Students should first identify if they want to be involved in the writing process. If they do, they should review the amount of funding they can offer students.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

How to Prepare For Your TOEFL Essay - Some Useful Ideas

How to Prepare For Your TOEFL Essay - Some Useful IdeasAre you looking for ways to prepare for your TOEFL essay but don't know where to begin? To help you with your preparation for your TOEFL test, here are some tips to help you.If you have ever taken a TOEFL essay, you probably remember the first few times you sat down to write. You probably took a long time to get through it and ended up taking a lot of breaks in between your essays. By the time you finally finished, you were probably tired and cranky.There is a way to help with your TOEFL test preparation that includes some old techniques that you can use today. Many online writers have taken this approach and have used it to prepare for their tests. In addition to helping them make notes in the book, these writers use the text that they have written as a guide to help them practice their writing. These essays have worked very well for many people.To help with your TOEFL test, you may want to choose one or two topics from your ori ginal essay. It can be the same topic you used to write your essay, or it can be something else. Write out the entire essay, and the topic you chose, and put it in a reference book to help you with your TOEFL test.Don't forget that taking tests like TOEFL can be stressful, so you may want to take a break from your study materials. In fact, it may be best if you don't even read the test! The best idea is to go straight from taking the test to doing your homework, and get back to your TOEFL essay to see how you did.Once you are done taking your TOEFL test, you can start practicing writing new essays based on the material you have learned. It is important to pay attention to what you do before you take the test, and the content of your test questions. This will give you an opportunity to review what you need to improve on and help you during your TOEFL test.Preparing for your TOEFL test can be time consuming, but the benefits of doing so are many. You will find that your test time is m uch more productive, and you will spend less time on your daily activities and trying to get things done. It's worth spending some time working on your TOEFL preparation before your test date, so you can find out which techniques work best for you.

Saturday, March 14, 2020

The War Against Ela Regents Argument Essay Samples

The War Against Ela Regents Argument Essay Samples The Benefits of Ela Regents Argument Essay Samples Inspiration to make your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn't really hard to discover. Besides general knowledge you have regarding this issue, you won't mind dedicating some opportunity to research, writing procedure, and other aspects essential for the high-quality essay. You may continue to keep your argumentative essays for your upcoming job portfolio in case they're highly graded. An argumentative essay is a writing piece intended to persuade a person to believe the way that you do. At the exact same time, it also ought to be simple to research, that way you'll discover evidence to support claims you make. With a suitable strategy, motivation and devotion of time, you will be sure to succeed! Likewise, the writer is optimistic concerning the state promise to wash the river. Another reason is to observe how well students argue on unique views and d emonstrate understanding of the studied subject. In conclusion, the statement isn't logical since there are a few errors in it. A conclusion is, without a doubt, the main portion of the argumentative essay as possible either support the excellent impression or destroy it entirely. Finally, it includes a restatement of the position and a brief summary of the reasons and counters. Most conclusions are just a paragraph in length as the conclusion is anticipated to be an overview of the whole essay. Your essay should consist of recent statistics and data from reliable sources. Bear in mind an argumentative essay is based more on facts rather than emotion. You're going to need to select a topic first, but your topic needs to be something that has two conflicting points or distinct conclusions. When the topic was decided, it is critical to come up with an argument surrounding the exact same. Remember that the amount of your essay is contingent on the assignment provided to you. You may have a look at the further details about how to compose an eye-catching essay introduction with a hook. In situations when you get to pick the topic for an argumentative essay, you need to be wise and locate a title that will intrigue a reader. Argumentative essay format is dependent on your professor's requirements, because there isn't any typical pattern for each essay. An argumentative essay requires you to choose a topic and have a position on it. A personal argumentative essay doesn't need to rely on research in order to earn an instance. Writing an argumentative essay can occasionally be confusing since you don't necessarily understand how to compose a convincing argument. Writing a persuasive, argumentative essay can be challenging, and at times it can find a little confusing. If you wish to learn what an argumentative essay is, the very first thing you need to remember is that its principal aim is to convince the audience to accept your perspective. No really, it is a very good idea. The second point, that making connections is a kind of thinking which can be taught, can't be proven until the very first point has been sufficiently supported. For instance, you can write about something that personally affects you or somebody you know. Attempt to select the best devices to back up your argument that you are able to. The reader ought to be impressed by how you defend your ideas. The topic chosen for the purpose should be attractive in the view of many readers. Your introductory paragraph ought to be clear and concise just enjoy the example. An argumentative essay example will reveal the should possess some important components which make it better in the practice of convincing. The variety of paragraphs is dependent upon the amount of arguments you wish to talk about. It equals the quantity of arguments. What is Truly Going on with Ela Regents Argument Essay Samples You can't control anybody's opinion, and everyone is eligible to make their own choices, even if it has to do with smoking. A great deal of individuals are anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim, anti-gay marriage, etc. When picking a topic make sure you like it, as you should devote days or even weeks on it, so it's important to stay motivated in regards t o the matter you discuss. Possessing the right to control guns is a powerful deterrent.